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High Blood Pressure

Family Medical Home

Family Medicine Physicians located in San Antonio, TX

High blood pressure is a common condition that affects more than 75 million U.S. adults, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). At Family Medical Home, with two locations in San Antonio, Texas, a team of experienced physicians can diagnose and treat your high blood pressure to ensure you avoid complications and stay healthy. To schedule an appointment with Family Medical Home in San Antonio, Texas, call or book online.

High Blood Pressure Q & A

What is high blood pressure? 

High blood pressure, or hypertension, happens when the force of blood against your artery walls is consistently too high. While this common condition may not seem too worrisome in its early stages, without treatment it can lead to serious complications, including heart disease or stroke.

For those with narrow artery walls, high blood pressure is especially worrisome. Not only can excessive force weaken your artery walls, but it also raises your risk of serious conditions, like kidney disease and eye problems.

What causes high blood pressure?

There are a number of factors that put you at risk of high blood pressure, including:

  • Stress
  • Obesity
  • Lack of exercise
  • A high-sodium diet
  • Sleep apnea
  • Genetics
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Smoking
  • Advanced age
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Adrenal problems

If you have a close relative with high blood pressure, you’re at a higher risk of developing the condition later in life.

What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?

In most cases, you won’t know you have high blood pressure until you talk to your doctor. That’s why it’s important to schedule routine physical exams and checkups. 

However, some of the telltale signs of high blood pressure to look out for are:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Headaches
  • Vision changes
  • Sudden nosebleeds
  • Bouts of dizziness
  • Flushing

If you’re at risk of developing hypertension, your doctor may recommend coming in for high blood pressure readings at least twice a year to lower your chances of suffering any of the above symptoms.

How is high blood pressure treated?

The best way to treat high blood pressure is through lifestyle modifications, such as:

  • Quitting smoking
  • Exercising regularly
  • Practicing healthy eating habits
  • Reducing your sodium intake
  • Limiting alcohol and caffeine
  • Losing weight
  • Identifying and reducing stress

If lifestyle changes alone don’t lower your blood pressure significantly, Family Medical Home may recommend medication. The most common medications for high blood pressure are:

  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
  • Beta-blockers
  • Diuretics
  • Alpha-blockers
  • Calcium channel blockers

High blood pressure is dangerous to your overall health when left untreated. Call Family Medical Home or schedule an appointment online to learn more.